Raggedy Ann and Andy - Shaggy
red-haired dolls, with a simple scarecrow-like
face and barber-pole striped legs created by
political cartoonist John "Johnny" Barton
Gruelle (1880-1938) whose first Raggedy Ann book
appeared in 1918 (Raggedy Andy debuted in 1920).
Raggedy Ann and Raggedy Andy characters were
later featured in the Saturday morning cartoon
THE ADVENTURES OF RAGGEDY ANN AND
ANDY/CBS/1988-91 that included Raggedy Ann and
Andy, Raggedy Cat, Raggedy Dog, The Camel with
Wrinkled Knees, and Kracklin' the Wizard.
Scene from the
animated TV series
Graphic artist/illustrator Johnny Gruelle
received the inspiration for his Raggedy Ann
cartoon character after his daughter, Marcella
discovered a small faceless rag doll in her
grandmother's attic that was fashioned when
Johnny was a child.
Needing a name for his new "Raggedy Ann"
creation Gruelle merged the titles of two poems
written by Indiana poet James Whitcomb Riley,
namely "The Raggedy Man" and "Little Orphan
It was the "Gruelle Ideal" that books for
children should contain nothing to cause fright,
suggest fear, glorify mischief, excuse malice or
condone cruelty. That is why they are called
"Books Good For Children." (Marcella Gruelle
died at age 13 from an infected small pox
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